South Carolina from A to Z

Mon-Fri, throughout the day

From Hilton Head to Caesars Head, and from the Lords Proprietors to Hootie and the Blowfish, historian Walter Edgar mines the riches of the South Carolina Encyclopedia to bring you South Carolina from A to Z. (A production of South Carolina Public Radio.)

South Carolina from A to Z Archives (April 2011 to Sept 2014)

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"B" is for Boyd, Blanche McCrary [b. 1945]. Writer, educator. After graduating from Pomona College and receiving an M.A. from Stanford, Boyd—a Charleston native--joined the faculty of Connecticut College. She has been awarded several distinguished fellowships including a National Endowment for the Arts in Fiction Fellowship and a Guggenheim. Boyd has published four novels:  Nerves; Mourning the Magic of Death; The Revolution of Little Girls; and Terminal Velocity. Her fiction reveals a deep concern with the culture of the American South.

"B" is for Boyce, Ker

Jun 30, 2016

"B" is for Boyce, Ker [1787-1854]. Merchant, bank president. Boyce began his career as a clerk and shopkeeper in Newberry. He moved to Charleston where his business ventures thrived and Boyce become a wealthy man and influential member of the city’s business community. Among his successful investments were the Bank of Charleston, the Charleston Hotel, and the Graniteville Manufacturing Company. He on the boards of the South Carolina Railroad and the Bank of the State of South Carolina. He was president of the Charleston Chamber of Commerce from 1840 to 1846.

"B" is for Boyce, James Petigru [1827-1888]. Minister, educator. After experiencing a religious conversion, Boyce became editor of the Southern Baptist, a publication. He attended Princeton Theological Seminary and, in 1851 became the pastor of the Baptist Church in Columbia. Later, he served on the faculty at Furman. In 1856 he convinced the South Carolina Baptists Convention to agree to fund a Baptist seminary in Greenville. The Southern Baptist Convention accepted the idea and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary opened in 1859, with Boyce as its president.

"B" is for Bowles, Crandall Close [b. 1947]. Businesswoman. After earning earned a degree in economics from Wellesley College and an MBA from Columbia University, Bowles began her career at Morgan Stanley in New York. She later also received became a financial analyst for Springs Industries and executive vice president and president of Springs Company, the Close family’s investment management firm.

"B" is for Bowater

Jun 27, 2016

"B" is for Bowater. Headquartered in Greenville, Bowater Incorporated is a world leader in the manufacture of newsprint and coated ground-wood papers. The company began in England in 1889 as a family-run paper supply business. In 1924 it commenced manufacturing paper and over the next decades went international by establishing plants in Scandinavia, Canada, and the United States. In order to bring Bowater to South Carolina in 1956, a special session of the General Assembly rewrote the state’s foreign ownership laws that had limited foreigners to holding no more than 500 acres of land.

"F" is for the Farmers' and Exchange Bank of Charleston. Completed in 1854, the bank building is among the finest examples of the Moorish-revival style in the United States. Architect Frank D. Lee of Charleston designed the bank.  The two-story facade is arranged in a three-bay format and clad in mottled New Jersey and Connecticut brownstone. It is highlighted by exuberant ornamentation that includes rounded horseshoe arches and Eastern-inspired decorative motifs. The opulent interior features arcaded walls, elaborate plaster decoration, and a coffered ceiling and skylight.

"E" is for earthquake rods. Earthquake rods, often called “earthquake bolts,” are long pieces of iron several inches in diameter that are inserted into through the walls of buildings to reinforce them. These rods are then screwed into turnbuckles or toggles and are secured at the outside ends with large washers and nuts. Repairmen inserted hundreds of these devices into buildings after the 1886 earthquake.

"D" is for Daise, Ron [b. 1956] and Natalie Daise [b. 1960]. Educators and entertainers. Well known for bringing Gullah culture to national and international television audiences, Ron and Natalie Daise have spent the last several decades researching, performing, and publishing information about the dynamic history of lowcountry African Americans.

"C" is for Cain, Daniel James Cahusac  [1817-1888]. Physician and medical editor. After graduating from the Medical College of South Carolina in 1838, Cain spent four years in Paris as an assistant to some of the most noted figures in French clinical medicine. Returning to Charleston, he quickly established himself as one of the state's leading physicians. In addition to a large private practice, he assumed significant positions at both public and private medical institutions—among them, attending physician to the city’s Marine and Roper Hospitals.

  "B" is for Bachman Warbler. The Bachman warbler is a small brightly colored bird whose history is closely tied to the Palmetto State. The Reverend John Bachman discovered the species in 1832 on the Edisto River, a few miles north of Jacksonborough. In 1833, John James Audubon painted a male and named the species after his friend Bachman. Once common and widespread throughout the southeast, the warbler inhabited the edges or open interiors of swamps—usually nesting in thickets of canes or brambles.

"P" is for the Pee Dee River. The Pee Dee River is a river system that drains northeastern South Carolina and central North Carolina. It is properly called the Great Pee Dee—or more commonly the Big Pee Dee—to distinguish it from one of its tributaries…the Little Pee Dee River. The Pee Dee rises in the mountains of North Carolina where it is known as the Yadkin River, and travels 197 miles in South Carolina to meet the Atlantic Ocean in Winyah Bay.

"M" is for Matthews, John [1744-1802]. Governor. After studying law in England, Johnson was admitted to the Charleston bar in 1766. Beginning in 1775 with the First and Second Provincial Congresses, he regularly served in the legislature. From 1778 to 1781, he represented the state in the Continental Congress where he chaired the Committee at Headquarters that worked closely with Washington on the organization and supply of the Continental Army.

"L" is for legal education. A high percentage of colonial South Carolina’s lawyers were trained at the Inns of Court in London. After the Revolution, reading for the bar was the only means of studying law in the state. In 1866, a law school was established at the University of South Carolina—and from 1886 to 1951, its graduates did not have to take a bar exam.  After 1951, USC graduates and those of the law school at South Carolina State had to take the bar exam.  In 1958 the state Supreme Court prohibited reading law and required all candidates for the bar to be law school graduates.

"J" is for Johnson, William Bullein [1782-1862]. Clergyman. Educator. In 1804, after a conversion experience, the Baptist Church in Beaufort licensed Johnson to preach and he became pastor at the Euhaw Baptist Church. In 1809 he moved to Columbia and was instrumental in the founding of the city’s First Baptist Church. In 1814, Johnson served on the constitutional committee of the Triennial Convention--the first nationwide Baptist organization.

  "H" is for Harrington, Anna Short [ca. 1897-1955]. Portrayer of Aunt Jemima. A native of Cheraw, Short’s family moved to North Carolina where Anna married. She and her spouse were sharecroppers and lived bear Rockingham until he left his family. In 1932, she moved to New York—near Syracuse. She first lived with the family as a cook, but in the early 1930s took a job as a cook for several fraternities at Syracuse University. The students’ favorite meal was pancakes. Harrington’s reputation spread throughout the state and she was featured in numerous media interviews.

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